We often hear the term PCOD or PCOS. But many of us don’t know what exactly it is.  We will tell you what exactly PCOD is. We often hear the term PCOD or PCOS. But many of us don’t know what exactly it is.  We will tell you what exactly PCOD is.PCOD or PCOS is Polycystic Ovarian Disease or syndrome. It is a medical problem wherein the level of sex hormones named as estrogen and progesterone in women go haywire which leads to the growth of small ovarian cysts. Some of the implications of PCOD are disruption of the menstrual cycle, fertility issues, cardiac problems and unwarranted changes in appearance. VARIOUS CAUSES OF PCOD• Hormonal Imbalance• Prior history of PCOD in family• Genetic reasons• Elevated level of Androgen hormone various SYMPTOMS OF PCOD• Excessive hair on body and face• Weight Gain• Irregular or abnormal periods• Pain and bleeding during periods• Pelvic pain• Despondency and anxiety• Problems pertaining to fertility and pregnancy chances OF PREGNANCY IN PCOD Women who have PCOD are quite likely to have high-risk pregnancy, thus they need to be meticulously monitored. Some of the complications that she may face are a miscarriage, premature delivery, and gestational diabetes. Though, there are various treatments available that help women with PCOD become pregnant.PCOD TREATMENTSHealthy diet and exercise- Maintaining a healthy diet is a must when regulating the menstrual cycle and reducing blood glucose level. Exercising regularly is essential to check your weight. Birth Control Pills- This is recommended for women who do not wish to get pregnant. So these pills alleviate pain, regulate the menstrual cycle and reduce the level of male hormones like testosterone. Fertility Drugs – Fertility Drugs are quite conducive for administrating and expediting ovulation among women who are facing fertility issues due to PCOD.Surgery – Laparoscopy is an immensely effective surgery in treating women with PCOD as it drills multiple holes in an ovary and carefully destroys abnormal ovarian tissues which cause problems. This helps to restore normal ovarian functions and enable women to ovulate.
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